Synonym vs Antonym

This mini-lesson can help all levels across the board. It shouldn’t take too long to discuss with students. You could simply just tell them: S = SAME, A = OPPOSITE. They could remember it this way.


If you want to make an actual mini-lesson from this topic because there is extra time or your students are really needing the guidance…

  1. Synonyms & Antonyms Worksheets is a website where you can find a PDF to print**
  2. You could create a class game where you write a word on the board. Students can mind map similarities (synonyms) and opposites (antonyms).
  3. To branch off of number 2, you could also simply just write a word, two other words paired with it and ask which is antonym and which is synonym. For example:

Word: RUN

Two words: SLEEP ; JOG

SLEEP would be the antonym and JOG would be a synonym.

Some sample words to try: FAST, CLEAN, QUIET, SCARED, SICK, PRETTY, UGLY, etc.

**I could not upload specific PDFs from this website due to copyright and terms of use issues, so please browse around and find one appropriate for your class.


What Is Genre?


For each level, genre is mentioned when starting the ‘Get to Know Your Book’ part happens. This is at the beginning of Immersion to get students thinking about their text and what kind of text it is. There are several ways to approach this mini-lesson on teaching genre.

  1. Make a mind map of ‘types / styles of books’. This could include action, romance, sci-fi, fantasy, mystery, etc. Although students will not have had read the book at this point, they could make their guesses based on the cover, title, etc. It doesn’t have to be 100% correct. More ideas is better than no ideas. Students could also revisit this page after reading the book and see if they agree with their genre ideas.
  2. Have students get into pairs or groups and assign a genre to each pair / group. They have to draw and/or write words about what the genre is. Students can present their ideas to the class and discuss each genre.
  3. Some Youtube links could help students to think about types of genres. Genres 1. Genres 2.

Fiction vs Nonfiction

Another idea for branching off of genre is to discuss the difference between fiction and nonfiction. You could have students get into teams and play a ‘buzzer‘ type game where students will have to guess if it is fiction or nonfiction.

Fiction / Nonfiction song

Fiction vs Nonfiction Buzzer Game PDF

Stretch a Sentence

Stretch a Sentence

Stretch a sentence is as great way to expand on those very boring, simple sentences that need more details. Great for Level 1 and Level 2-1 especially (could be used for upper levels as well).

First, start out with a subject: The girl

Doing what? The girl ran

When? The girl ran this morning

Where? The girl ran this morning at the gym

Why? The girl ran this morning at the gym because she woke up early.

Feel free to modify and edit in any way necessary for your class. Some ideas to get started for subject, verb, and where could include…

Who: The girl, boy, mom, cat, grandma, superhero, fish, child, umpire, swimmer, etc.

Doing what: running, kicking, laughing, smelling, falling, listening, watching, etc.

Where: at the beach, office, park, swimming pool, garden, concert, bank, post office, etc.

Feel free to print the PDF for your classroom.